enthusiast


enthusiast
enthusiast n Enthusiast, fanatic, zealot, bigot denote a person who manifests excessive ardor, fervor, or devotion in his attachment to some cause, idea, party, or church.
Enthusiast commonly denotes a person of keen and ardent interests and may carry either favorable or unfavorable connotations (as of mental or spiritual vitality or of a subordination of judgment to enthusiasm)
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increasing number of chess enthusiasts

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folk-singing enthusiasts

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we are a nation of enthusiastsMeeker

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In earlier use and still in historical works the term applies particularly to a preacher, a member of a religious sect, or, sometimes, a poet who claims to be immediately inspired or who outwardly manifests signs (as rapture, madness, or intense emotionalism) associated with divine inspiration or possession by a god. In such context the term has been applied more or less contemptuously to a member of one of the strongly evangelical sects that arose in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
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the visions, voices, revelations of the enthusiastGlanvill

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harmonic twang! . . . such as from lab'ring lungs th' enthusiast blows— Pope

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Fanatic, even more than enthusiast, carries a hint of madness or irrationality. In contrast to enthusiast, however, the term suggests extreme monomaniac devotion and a concentration of attention, sometimes on the end to be gained but, possibly more often, on the chosen means to one's end regardless of the real value of that end. Fanatic, therefore, in distinction from enthusiast, connotes determination, often silent determination, and an uncompromising temper
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a virtuous fanatic, narrow, passionate . . . regarding all ways as wrong but his own— Froude

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a fanatic, in Santayana's famous definition, is a man who redoubles his efforts after he has forgotten his aims— Waters

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this creature Man, who in his own selfish affairs is a coward to the backbone, will fight for an idea like a hero. He may be abject as a citizen; but he is dangerous as a fanaticShaw

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Zealot often implies fanaticism; it suggests ardent devotion, but it distinctively emphasizes vehement activity in the service of one's cause, party, or church. It may or may not connote blinding partisanship, but it usually suggests jealous vigilance in protecting one's beliefs or institutions
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for modes of faith let graceless zealots fight— Pope

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a furious zealot may think he does God service by persecuting one of a different sect— Gilpin

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Bigot implies obstinate, often blind, devotion to one's own (especially religious) beliefs or opinions; as compared with fanatic and zealot, the term implies dogged intolerance and contempt for those who do not agree, rather than enthusiasm or zeal
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the hell that bigots frame to punish those who errShelley

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one of the marks of a bigot is that he thinks he does a service to God when he persecutes his fellowmen— Gil I is

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Analogous words: devotee, votary, *addict

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Enthusiast — En*thu si*ast, n. [Gr. ?: cf. F. enthousiaste.] One moved or actuated by enthusiasm; as: (a) One who imagines himself divinely inspired, or possessed of some special revelation; a religious madman; a fanatic. (b) One whose mind is wholly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • enthusiast — index addict, partisan, proponent Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • enthusiast — (n.) 1560s, pejorative, “one who believes himself possessed of divine revelations or special communication from God,” from Gk. enthousiastes a person inspired, from enthousiazein (see ENTHUSIASM (Cf. enthusiasm)). General sense (not always… …   Etymology dictionary

  • enthusiast — [n] person active in interest addict, admirer, aficionado, believer, buff, bug*, bum*, devotee, eccentric, fan, fanatic, follower, freak, habitué, lover, maniac, monomaniac, nut*, optimist, participant, partisan, rooter, supporter, votary,… …   New thesaurus

  • Enthusiast — [Network (Rating 5600 9600)] Auch: • Enthusiastin • Fan …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • enthusiast — ► NOUN 1) a person who is full of enthusiasm for something. 2) archaic, derogatory a person with intense and visionary Christian views …   English terms dictionary

  • enthusiast — [en tho͞o′zēast΄, en thyo͞o′zēast΄; in tho͞o′zēast΄, in thyo͞o′zēast΄; en tho͞o′zēəst, en thyo͞o′zēəst; in tho͞o′zēəst, in thyo͞o′zēəst] n. [Gr enthousiastēs] a person full of enthusiasm; specif., a) Archaic a religious fanatic or zealot b) an… …   English World dictionary

  • enthusiast — en|thu|si|ast [ınˈθju:ziæst US ınˈθu: ] n someone who is very interested in a particular activity or subject baseball/outdoors/sailing etc enthusiast ▪ a keep fit enthusiast enthusiast for ▪ an enthusiast for the latest management thinking …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • enthusiast — [[t]ɪnθju͟ːziæst, AM θu͟ː [/t]] enthusiasts N COUNT: usu with supp An enthusiast is a person who is very interested in a particular activity or subject and who spends a lot of time on it. He is a great sports enthusiast. ...keep fit enthusiasts …   English dictionary

  • enthusiast — UK [ɪnˈθjuːzɪæst] / US [ɪnˈθuzɪæst] noun [countable] Word forms enthusiast : singular enthusiast plural enthusiasts someone who is very interested in something or excited by it and spends time doing it or learning about it The company was started …   English dictionary


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